Water Surface Wind Roughness from Ka-band

While many studies have been conducted regarding wind- and rain-driven Ka-band scattering on the ocean and sea surfaces, few have identified the impacts of Ka-band scattering on inland water bodies…
Wind impacts scattering on water surfaces by driving surface roughness. Rivers and lakes are subject to wind-driven capillary waves, larger wind-waves, and seiches, which cause surface roughness on varying wavelength scales depending on water body size and shape, atmospheric pressure, wind rate, direction, and timing.

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